Teenage pregnancy is a problem for all involved. It puts a great strain on the parents, especially the mother, and also on their parents who, more often than not, end up with the new baby in their family home, often having to look after it while the baby’s parents are at school, or out socializing and doing the things that teenagers do. Because teen parents are more likely to struggle to deal with parenthood, the child is also more likely to grow up with various problems.
Not enough effort is put into reducing teen pregnancy rates, and one reason for this is that teenage pregnancy rates in the US have generally declined since the 1950’s. But that isn’t good enough, because despite the decline, the US still has one of the highest teen birth rates in the industrialized world. The statistics may be better than they were, but this is not reason enough to ignore the problem, because it is still a very big problem. Besides the impact that teenage pregnancy has on all involved, the public costs related to it are estimated to be $10.9 billion every year. This is an obscene amount of money and the government should set a few billion aside to reduce teen pregnancy, and then the final bill would be so much lower and money would be saved overall.
Reducing teen birth rates has been centered on education, and this is certainly the most important tool with some young people. For those with poor schooling and living in deprived areas, particularly those from ethnic minority backgrounds, education about safe sex could make the world of difference. However, there are plenty of white middle class teenage girls getting pregnant too, and this can’t be because they don’t understand contraception.
A lot of it must come down to how young girls are overly sexualized by the media, and put under pressure to become sexually active at a young age. Education also puts too much emphasis on just girls, and reinforces the fact that it is the mothers that are usually blamed for teen pregnancy while the fathers often take no responsibility and get away with it. Young men need to know that they can’t behave in this way, and understand the pressures of becoming a father, while girls need to become more assertive and be able to demand the use of contraception even if they’re drunk and their partner doesn’t want to use it.
We can’t escape the social responsibility that we have to our young people and their potential children, and should be prepared to put the funding in the reduce pregnancy rates. After all, it will bring down costs in the long term, and also mean that more people are living happier lives.
The Underlying Problems Of Teen Pregnancy
Research indicates that at least 750,000 in America teenagers become pregnant every year. Most of these pregnancies are unintended and may affect the teenagers’ life negatively. Surveys indicate that most of the teenagers do not believe they will get pregnant by engaging in sexual activities. In actual sense, most of them use contraceptives to avoid the pregnancies. Nonetheless, the rates of affected teenagers remain steady, and may increase in the future because of various underlying problems.
To start with, teenagers are under constant pressure to fit in with others who are already having unprotected sex. A research by Kaiser Family Foundation revealed that 33% of pregnant teens stated that they were not ready to have sex but proceeded on because of peer pressure. Psychologists indicate that at such a stage, forming friends and being accepted by the peers is of paramount importance, to the extent that many make wrong decisions, including having unprotected sex.
Secondly, in the light of tough economic times, many parents are busy and unavailable to offer proper guidance on sex and possibilities of pregnancy in teen years. Therefore, the teen turns to their friends for guidance, which may be misleading. Still, some parents do not have insights on how to guide their teenagers on the subject of sex. They are unable to answer the questions and may even be shy to answer them in the best way possible. Further still, they may take the wrong approach and in the process discourage the teenagers from opening up about sex.
Thirdly, the celebrity in the movie industry has managed to glamorize pregnancy to the extent that many teenagers feel under the pressure to get pregnant also. It now seems to be highly acceptable in social circles to be pregnant. Also, having sex is made to look glamorous in the movies and may even be associated with the sophisticated people in the society. Unfortunately, the teenagers do not have access to information, from the movies and celebrities, on having protected sex and the responsibilities associated with parenthood.
Fourthly, as research by Guttmacher institute indicates, some teenage pregnancies may result from rape. Most teenagers may expose themselves, unknowingly, to situations where they are sexually abused. They may go to wrong clubs or in unsupervised camps for fun and get raped in the process. Lastly, teenagers tend to experiment with drugs and alcohol, resulting to inability to control impulses. Thus, it is becomes easy for them to engage in unprotected sex. Precisely, when addressing the issue of teenage pregnancy, underlying problems such as peer pressure, parents’ absenteeism, glamorization of pregnancy, and rape must be considered.