Considered one of Russia's greatest philosophers, Vladimir Soloviev (1853-1900) was also a theologian, historian, poet, and social and political critic. His works have emerged to enjoy renewed attention in post-Soviet Russia, and his concerns echo in contemporary discussions of politics, law, and morality. In this collection of Soloviev's essays-many translated into English for the first time-the philosopher explores an array of social issues, from the death penalty to nationalism to women's rights.Soloviev reacts against the tradition of European rationalist thought and seeks to synthesize religious philosophy, science, and ethics in the context of a universal Christianity. In these writings he reveals the centrality of human rights in his Christian worldview, not only as an abstract theory but also as an inspiration in everyday life. In a substantive introduction and copious annotations to the essays, Vladimir Wozniuk points out distinctive and often overlooked features of Soloviev's works while illuminating his place within both the Russian and Western intellectual traditions.
Subjects: Political Science
Show MoreMorality and politics have always been closely linked; even in present day politics, morality often has a part to play. Morality within politics has always been a controversial and highly debated topic by many leading political thinkers. There have been many key thinkers on the subject; however, Plato and Augustine have both an interesting and highly debated view on the argument of whether politics should be focused on morality. Both Plato and Augustine had differing views on the ideas of politics and the role that morality plays within this. These two political thinkers were around in very different times and this is reflected in their views of morality and politics. Plato was born in 429BC and came from a distinguished Athenian family,…show more content…
The method that Plato used in his writing was known as the dialogue method, here Plato writes a dialogue between Socrates and another person and Socrates solves the problem that Plato proposes. Knowledge plays an important role in Plato’s works and it aids in discussing his view on morality and politics, as ultimately knowledge underpins his view of nature, morality and politics. Knowledge for Plato is not about belief or perception; it’s what we know is true, as Hare writes, ‘he thought that what we know has to be real.’ (Hare: 1996:p.33) Plato uses forms to understand knowledge these are best defined by Reeve, ‘forms are intelligible, unchanging objects, accessible to the mind but not the senses.’ (Reeve: 2009:p.62) The form of the good is the most important, which links knowledge to morality and politics, for those with the highest form of knowledge are therefore the most virtuous and the most moral of people. St. Augustine has a different approach to knowledge, morality and politics and his method of using personal experience and personal conversion was different to that of Plato. Augustine’s theory of knowledge is mainly found in De Trinitate where he describes knowledge as support of faith. Knowledge therefore comes via faith which is important as faith plays a pivotal role in morality, in that belief in god will lead to ultimate happiness and