Html File Header Example For Essay

APA Essay Checklist for Students

The American Psychological Association (APA) is one of the largest scientific and professional associations in the United States, and it has created a set of citation rules and formatting guidelines for scholarly writing to ensure a professional standard of academic integrity.

To create an essay that follows APA style, you need to focus on two things:

  • In-text citations, which show where you found your sources that you are quoting, summarizing, or paraphrasing.
  • Formatting visual elements, (such as titles, headings, page numbers, graphs, and charts, etc.), which organizes the essay for readability.
Here's an APA checklist for your formatted essay, with embedded links to the AWC's resources:

Additional Help

For more help with APA style and formatting, here are some additional resources:

  • APA Template
    This is a template that you can edit to help you format your paper properly according to Ashford's APA standards.
  • In-Text Citation Guide
    This webpage goes over how to do citations within the body of your paper or assignment.
  • An Overview of APA Key Elements
    This webpage is a checklist of all of the key elements of APA 6th ed. style that are required for student papers at Ashford University.
  • Reference List Entry Models
    This guide contains examples of references in APA style by type.
  • APA Style Aid
    The APA Style Aid offers examples of in-text citations, reference page entries, and block quoting.
  • Purdue OWL
    A great resource for general help about APA formatting

HTML Styles - CSS

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Styling HTML with CSS

CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets.

CSS describes how HTML elements are to be displayed on screen, paper, or in other media.

CSS saves a lot of work. It can control the layout of multiple web pages all at once.

CSS can be added to HTML elements in 3 ways:

  • Inline - by using the style attribute in HTML elements
  • Internal - by using a <style> element in the <head> section
  • External - by using an external CSS file

The most common way to add CSS, is to keep the styles in separate CSS files. However, here we will use inline and internal styling, because this is easier to demonstrate, and easier for you to try it yourself.


Inline CSS

An inline CSS is used to apply a unique style to a single HTML element.

An inline CSS uses the style attribute of an HTML element.

This example sets the text color of the <h1> element to blue:



Internal CSS

An internal CSS is used to define a style for a single HTML page.

An internal CSS is defined in the <head> section of an HTML page, within a <style> element:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
body {background-color: powderblue;}
h1   {color: blue;}
p    {color: red;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Try it Yourself »

External CSS

An external style sheet is used to define the style for many HTML pages.

With an external style sheet, you can change the look of an entire web site, by changing one file!

To use an external style sheet, add a link to it in the <head> section of the HTML page:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="styles.css">
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Try it Yourself »

An external style sheet can be written in any text editor. The file must not contain any HTML code, and must be saved with a .css extension.

Here is how the "styles.css" looks:

body {
    background-color: powderblue;
}
h1 {
    color: blue;
}
p {
    color: red;
}


CSS Fonts

The CSS color property defines the text color to be used.

The CSS font-family property defines the font to be used.

The CSS font-size property defines the text size to be used.

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<style>
h1 {
    color: blue;
    font-family: verdana;
    font-size: 300%;
}
p  {
    color: red;
    font-family: courier;
    font-size: 160%;
}
</style>
</head>
<body>

<h1>This is a heading</h1>
<p>This is a paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Try it Yourself »

CSS Border

The CSS border property defines a border around an HTML element:


CSS Padding

The CSS padding property defines a padding (space) between the text and the border:

Example

p {
    border: 1px solid powderblue;
    padding: 30px;
}

Try it Yourself »

CSS Margin

The CSS margin property defines a margin (space) outside the border:

Example

p {
    border: 1px solid powderblue;
    margin: 50px;
}

Try it Yourself »

The id Attribute

To define a specific style for one special element, add an id attribute to the element:

<p id="p01">I am different</p>

then define a style for the element with the specific id:

Note: The id of an element should be unique within a page, so the id selector is used to select one unique element!


The class Attribute

To define a style for a special type of elements, add a class attribute to the element:

<p class="error">I am different</p>

then define a style for the elements with the specific class:


External References

External style sheets can be referenced with a full URL or with a path relative to the current web page.

This example uses a full URL to link to a style sheet:

Example

<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.w3schools.com/html/styles.css">

Try it Yourself »

This example links to a style sheet located in the html folder on the current web site:

This example links to a style sheet located in the same folder as the current page:


Chapter Summary

  • Use the HTML style attribute for inline styling
  • Use the HTML <style> element to define internal CSS
  • Use the HTML <link> element to refer to an external CSS file
  • Use the HTML <head> element to store <style> and <link> elements
  • Use the CSS color property for text colors
  • Use the CSS font-family property for text fonts
  • Use the CSS font-size property for text sizes
  • Use the CSS border property for borders
  • Use the CSS padding property for space inside the border
  • Use the CSS margin property for space outside the border

Test Yourself with Exercises!

Exercise 1 »  Exercise 2 »  Exercise 3 »  Exercise 4 »  Exercise 5 »  Exercise 6 »


HTML Style Tags

TagDescription
<style>Defines style information for an HTML document
<link>Defines a link between a document and an external resource

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CSS = Styles and Colors

Manipulate Text

Colors,  Boxes

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